The Harvard Referencing Style

The Harvard Referencing Type

The Harvard referencing type is a well-liked quotation format that employs the author-date technique for quotation. Not like different quotation types, there isn’t any single definitive model of Harvard type. Subsequently, you would possibly encounter varied variations in options, together with punctuations, capitalizations, and italicization, when utilizing this type.

In-text Quotation

Wherever you quote or borrow an thought from the work of one other author, you need to acknowledge their sources. In-text citations let you acknowledge the mental work of one other author inside the physique of your paper after quoting or borrowing data from a supply. The Harvard referencing type makes use of the author-date system to make the citations. These are simply brief references, and the reader can observe the complete reference on the reference checklist on the finish of the doc. In-text citations comprise the creator(s) surname and yr of publication. When making direct requires, you’re required to insert the web page quantity from the place you borrowed the data.


(Smith, 2010, P. 123) or Smith (2010, p. 123) states that “…”

When itemizing a number of authors, state all of the surnames of the authors, adopted by the yr of publication as follows:

(Mitchell, Coyne and Thomson, 2010, p. 137)

When coping with greater than three authors, state the surname of the primary creator adopted by ‘et al.”

(Smith et al., 2013, p. 176)

If the title of the creator shouldn’t be recognized, use the title of the supply in italics.

Reference Lists

The reference checklist is situated on the final web page of the work and shows all of the sources used within the paper. The reference lists permit readers to entry authentic supplies utilized by the author. The format for every entry ought to observe the format:

The final title, first preliminary, (yr of publication), Title, Metropolis of publication, Writer, web page(s)

Citing a e-book ought to observe the format given above.


Fitzgerald, F. (2004). The Nice Gatsby. New York: Scribner.

When utilizing a number of authors, the format is sort of related.


Mitchell, J.A., and Thomson, M. (2017) A information to quotation.third edn. London: London Publishing.

The right way to cite a journal or article in Harvard type

When utilizing a journal or an article because the supply of knowledge, the format ought to appear like this:

Writer title, (yr) Title of article, Title, quantity, web page quantity.


Mitchell, J.A. ‘How quotation modified the analysis world,’ The Mendeley, 62(9), p70-81.

The reference checklist ought to be on a separate web page after the top of the doc. The entries ought to be double spaced and organized alphabetically by creator, or by the title the place the creator shouldn’t be given.