IT in GLobal ECONOMY

Following the chapter finding out, the authors assert that the 20 th century is taken under consideration as a result of the century of inhabitants explosion and fossil fuels burning, environmental insurance coverage insurance policies and the transition to environment friendly use of renewable energy sources as a priority with a strategic give consideration to specific worldwide places world huge.  In addition to, this switch has created quite a lot of utterly totally different duties whose basic focus is to formulate insurance coverage insurance policies associated to native climate change and energy governance.  A lot of the insurance coverage insurance policies and duties acknowledged objective to help the facility sources switching between fuels like fossils and nuclear vitality to renewables like photograph voltaic, wind, and or water.  Significantly, the chapter affords the foundations of protection implementation, and methods along with investigations of 5 protection implementation case analysis via a comparative analysis. 
Q1: Making an attempt extra into the chapter, theoretical grounds of protection implementation, Buse et al., (2012) argue that protection implementation is the execution of a formulated protection – turning idea into observe.  When turning idea into observe, the authors mentioned that it was frequent for positive observations.  What are these observations?
Q2: The authors from this case study evaluation regarding public protection implementation continued to state that, the bottom-up technique was developed from the criticism of the top-down technique that primarily focused on what?