Concepts, Principles, Theories

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 MPK1023: Administration and Administration of TVE CONCEPTS vs. PRINCIPLES vs. THEORY PM Dr WILFREDO H. LIBUNAO IMPORTANCE OF IMPORTANCE THEORIES Theories are constructed to supply a proof of phenomena (Stam, 2000). In accordance with Denzin (1970), there are three options of an idea: 1. Permitting group of descriptions, 2. leading to rationalization, and three. furnishing the thought for prediction of future events. Significance of Theories…cont’d: In a nutshell, theories: – Inform us what we’re doing Inform us why we do points – Not one of the best ways to do points – It help us greater understand the tactic – Will enable us to predict what is going on to happen in the end 1 Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 Significance of Theories…cont’d: Elements of Concept: • Concepts • Generalizations • Assumptions Features of Concept: • Current a proof of how points normally work • Info evaluation • Info apply Significance of Theories…cont’d: Hypotheses: • Conjectural statements that specify relationships. • Use to examine theories. • Info evaluation Scientific Knowledge: Propositions supported by systematic evaluation. Goal of Science: To examine idea and to supply reliable rationalization. Theoretical System Concepts Generalizations Assumptions Concepts Variables Hypotheses Variables Empirical Testing Guidelines © Hoy, 2008, © Hoy 2003 2 Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 IMPORTANCE OF CONCEPTS • What’s an concept? • Why is it obligatory? • How is it fully completely different from concepts and theories? • Is concept obligatory in administration? The Elephant Six blind sages have been confirmed an elephant and met to debate their experience. It’s implausible,” said the first, “an elephant is type of a rope: slender and versatile. ” “No, no, by no means,” said the second, “an elephant is type of a tree, sturdily planted on the underside. ” “Nonsense,” said the third, “an elephant is type of a wall. ” “Unimaginable,” said the fourth, “an elephant is a tube stuffed with water. ” “What an odd and piecemeal beast that’s,” said the fifth. “Uncommon actually,” said the sixth, “nonetheless there must be some underlying harmony. Permit us to look at the matter extra. ” Tailor-made from a normal Hindu fable IMPORTANCE OF CONCEPT IMPORTANCE • An concept is a psychological abstraction which allows eneralization and the extension of knowledge from some acknowledged objects to others unknown. • An concept is customary by taking numerous associated entities and deciding what makes them associated in an obligatory method. • Concepts are bearers of meaning, versus brokers of meaning. A single concept could also be expressed by any number of languages. three Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 Significance of concept…cont’d • In numerous phrases concepts are principally hypotheses that may become invalid, must they fail to fit in some essential method the empirical actuality t is claimed they characterize. • The phrase ‘concept’ refers to a class of acts, concepts, actions, processes, or constructions. • In science its concepts drive evaluation, steering inquiry in line with the meaning of each. Significance of concept…cont’d • Concepts end in new directions and new ideas by disturbances or provocations in frequent pondering processes. • Concepts are keys to change and enchancment. IMPORTANCE OF PRINCIPLE PRINCIPLE – is taken under consideration as a regulation, a doctrine, a protection, or a deep-seated beliefs which governs the deepconduct of various kinds of human actions. Inside the space of administration and supervision,
PRINCIPLE is accepted as a elementary actuality. —- for the administrator and supervisor, this can be very essential to have good concepts, because of these will perform his data in his reflective pondering and in his collection of program of actions. 4 Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 IMPORTANT USES OF PRINCIPLES IN SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION 1. Guidelines are means by which the administrator and supervisor proceed from one state of affairs to a unique. —- it implies that inside the operation or in administering/ supervising options, there could also be an rganized step-by-step schedule or program of step-byactivities to be adopted. 2. Guidelines are instrumental in enhancing teachingteachinglearning course of. —- since every administrator or supervisor along with lecturers want the perfect finding out outcomes on the part of the learner, these concepts will possible be of good help for the event of instruction and all completely different finding out actions. Makes use of of concepts at school administration [cont’d] three. Guidelines make for large financial system of time and effort in choosing methods to be used. —– meaning principle directs us on what is the acceptable methods/strategies to be sed efficiently inside the operation of administrative and supervisory options. 4. Guidelines eradicate plenty of the trial and error practices. —– by it, we’re in a position to steer clear of waste of time on what to do, nonetheless in its place they provide us course or degree of trip spot. Makes use of of concepts at school administration [cont’d] 5. Guidelines enormously assist inside the discovery of newest methods. —– they’re the hypotheses that direct the search for brand new methods at school administration and supervision. 6. Guidelines are wished to data the choice and sequence of the methods at hand. 5 Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. oxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 Makes use of of concepts at school administration [cont’d] 7. Guidelines assist inside the evaluation of methods, for they furnish a broader basis by which to judge the methods used inside the school administration and supervision. —– it isn’t solely used to seek out out on what acceptable methods to be used, nonetheless it might also perform measurement / basis as to how environment friendly is the method or procedures. eight. Guidelines define the objects, which must be scrutinized in evaluating the outcomes. —– this implies the upper understanding of the basic concepts and options of college dministration and supervision Makes use of of concepts at school administration [cont’d] 9. Guidelines are used to evaluate the success of administrative and supervisory packages. —— administration and supervision are moreover directed and evaluated with regards to concepts. 10. Guidelines lead the administrators and supervisors to extra actions for they’re dynamic and by no means static. —— being a coach, we’re moreover an administrator and supervisors within the true classroom state of affairs, we should always see to it that our concepts and methods used are open for any modifications and enchancment. The Triadic Relations of
Concept, Observe, and Evaluation Concept, evaluation, and apply are in a dynamic relationship. Each set of relationships is relationship. reciprocal: idea guides apply, nonetheless apply reciprocal: reinforces, refines, or disconfirms idea; idea idea; guides evaluation, nonetheless evaluation creates and refines idea; and evaluation guides apply, nonetheless apply idea; directs evaluation. evaluation. T R P © Hoy, 2008, © Hoy 2003 6 Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software program program http://www. foxitsoftware. com For evaluation solely. 14/07/2010 END OF SESSION MPK1023: M anagement and Administration Administration of TVE A dministration 7